Department of English

University of Toronto

Schmitt, Cannon

Cannon Schmitt Cannon Schmitt Picture
Professor of English
Office Phone: 416-978-2701
Office Location: Jackman Humanities Building, Room 728
Faculty Bookshelf
Office Hours and/or Leave Status: email for an appointment

B.A. (Oberlin College), M.A., Ph.D. (Indiana)

Cannon Schmitt is Professor of English at the University of Toronto. His primary teaching and research field is Victorian literature and culture, with a particular focus on cultural studies of science, especially evolutionary theory; the novel and narrative theory; the novel and the sea; and maritime history and culture. In his first book, Alien Nation: Nineteenth-Century Gothic Fictions and English Nationality (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997), Schmitt argues that the Gothic encapsulates a powerful and enduring narrative for nineteenth-century Britain. Posing as semi-ethnographic texts, Gothics represent Continental Europe, the Far East, or Ireland as fundamentally un-English, sites of depravity; at the same time, they elaborate a concept of Englishness in which, paradoxically, a threatened female figure stands in for the globe’s then most powerful nation. In Darwin and the Memory of the Human: Evolution, Savages, and South America (Cambridge University Press, 2009), Schmitt investigates the Victorian engagement with South America as a repository of the past or site of memory. Because of the paramount role of evolutionary theory in constituting that continent as such a site, he attends to the works of a group of remarkable and influential natural historians who travelled there and wrote about what they discovered: Charles Darwin, Alfred Russel Wallace, Charles Kingsley, and W. H. Hudson. In their different ways, all these men encountered South America as and through the past, as and through memory; all parlayed that encounter into narratives about savagery and civility, race and the origins of humanity. At present he is at work on a SSHRC-funded book project tentatively titled Victorian Oceans, in which he hypothesizes that the ocean and its associated phenomena—tides, prevailing winds, marine engineering, ships under sail—constitute a privileged locus of the real or the literal in Victorian fiction. In a recent article, for example, he treats Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness as an exemplary instance of fiction deploying a specialized maritime lexicon, contending that its precise articulation of tidal currents, nautical manoeuvres, and ship design signals the key role of “restraint” in that novella and throughout Conrad’s corpus—as well as the need for the development of a literal mode of reading that gives unwonted attention to technical and denotative language in fiction. A former editor of Criticism who continues to serve on the journal’s Editorial Board, he is also a founding member of the North American Victorian Studies Association and a Canadian representative on NAVSA’s Advisory Board.


Faculty Bookshelf

Publications -
Darwin and the Memory of the Human: Evolution, Savages, and South America. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009; paperback reprint, 2013.

Victorian Investments: New Perspectives on Finance and Culture. Co-editor. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2008. 

Alien Nation: Nineteenth-Century Gothic Fictions and English Nationality. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997.

Publications – Selected Articles and Book Chapters

“Technical Maturity in Robert Louis Stevenson.” Denotatively, Technically, Literally. Spec. issue of Representations 125 (Winter 2014): 54-79.

“Denotatively, Technically, Literally.” Co-author, with Elaine Freedgood. Introduction to Denotatively, Technically, Literally. Spec. issue of Representations 125 (Winter 2014): 1-14.

“Tidal Conrad (Literally).” Victorian Studies 55.1 (Autumn 2012): 8-29. 

“On the Publication of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species.” BRANCH: Britain, Representation, and Nineteenth-Century History. Ed. Dino Franco Felluga. Extension of Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net. Web. August 2012.

“Science and the Novel.” In The Nineteenth-Century Novel 1820-1880, ed. John Kucich and Jenny Bourne Taylor. Volume 3 of The Oxford History of the Novel in English, general ed. Patrick Parrinder. Oxford and New York: Oxford UP, 2012. 461-75.

“On the Sea.” Natural Environments. Spec. issue of Victorian Review 36.2 (Fall 2010): 20-23.

"Rumor, Shares, and Novelistic Form: Joseph Conrad's Nostromo." In Victorian Investments: New Perspectives on Finance and Culture. Ed. Nancy Henry and Cannon Schmitt. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2008. 182-201.

“Victorian Beetlemania.” In Victorian Animal Dreams: Representations of Animals in Victorian Literature and Culture. Ed. Deborah Morse and Martin Danahay. London: Ashgate, 2007. 35-51.

“Darwin’s Savage Mnemonics.” Representations 88 (Fall 2004): 55-80. 

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