Department of English

University of Toronto

19.0 Biographical Reference Works


Allibone, Samuel Austin. Critical Dictionary of English Literature and British and American Authors Living and Deceased from the Earliest Accounts to the Latter Half of the Nineteenth Century. Containing Over Forty-six Thousand Articles (Authors), with Forty Indexes of Subjects. 1858-71. Rpt. in 3 vols. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1908. [Z 2010 A44 1908--ROBAREF]
Continued by: Kirk, John Foster. A Supplement to Allibone's Critical Dictionary of English Literature . . . 1891. Reprinted in 2 vols. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1908. [Z 2010 A44 1908--ROBAREF]

The Annual Obit. 1980-93. Ed. Roland Turner, et al. Chicago: St. James, 1981-93. Annual. [CT 120 A55--ROBAREF]

Atkinson, Frank. Dictionary of Literary Pseudonyms: A Selection of Popular Modern Writers in English. 4th ed. Chicago: ALA, c. 1987. [Z 1041 A84 1987--ROBAREF]

Author Biographies Master Index. Ed. Barbara McNeil. Gale Biographical Index, ser. 3 Detroit, MI: Gale, 1978-97. [Z 5304 A8A87--ROBAREF]
Continued by: Biography and Genealogy Master Index. Eds. M. C. Herbert and B. McNeil. 2nd ed.. Gale Biographical index series. Detroit, MI: Gale, c. 1980- . [Z 5305 U5B572--ROBAREF; ed. 2 (1980), suppl. v. 1-3; 1983-2000; 2001, pt.1-2; 2002, pt.1]
Available on-line, included in the Biography Resource Center. Access from U of Toronto Library homepage. [UTL Catalogue; Resources; e-Reference] http://www.galenet.com/servlet/BioRC/form?o=DocTitle&l=1&locID=torontouniv  

Beacham, Walton, et al., eds. Research Guide to Biography and Criticism. 6 vols. Washington, DC: Research, c. 1985-92. [Z 2011 R47 1985--ROBAREF]
Vols. 1-11: A-Z, Index (1985).
Vol. III: World Drama (1986).
Vol. IV: 1990 Update, Cumulative Index (1990).
Vols. V-VI: 127 Contemporary Writers, Cumulative Index for Vols. I-V (1992).

Biographical Books, 1876-1949. New York: Bowker, c. 1983. [Z 5301 B46 1983--ROBAREF]
Continued by: Biographical Books, 1950-1980. New York: Bowker, c. 1980. [Z 5301 B47 1980--ROBAREF]

Biography Index: Cumulative Index to Biographical Material in Books and Magazines. 1946- . Ed. Bea Joseph, et al. New York: Wilson, 1949- . Quarterly, with annual and larger cumulations. [Z 5301 B5--ROBAREF]
Available on-line as Biography and Genealogy Master Index (Gale Group). [UTL Catalogue; Resources; e-Reference] http://simplelink.library.utoronto.ca/url.cfm/58055
Also available on CD-ROM.

Biography Resource Center. Gale Group.
Access from University of Toronto Library homepage. [UTL Catalogue; Resources; e-Reference] http://www.galenet.com/servlet/BioRC/form?o=DocTitle&l=1&locID=torontouniv
On-line database containing 300,000 biographies on more than 220,000 people from 70+ Gale Group sources including Contemporary Authors, Encyclopedia of World Biography, Newsmakers, Contemporary Theatre, Film, and Television, Contemporary Musicians, Historic World Leaders, Notable Twentieth-Century Scientists, Contemporary Black Biography, Religious Leaders of America, International Dictionary of Art and Artists, and Writers Directory.

Bold, Alan. Longman Dictionary of Poets: The Lives and Works of 1001 Poets in the English Language. Burnt Mill: Longman, c. 1985. [PR 106 B65 1985--ROBAREF]

Borklund, Elmer. Contemporary Literary Critics. 2nd ed. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1982. [PN 99 G72 C65 1982--ROBAREF]

Bryan, George B., comp. Stage Lives: A Bibliography and Index to Theatrical Biographies in English. Bibliographies and Indexes in the Performing Arts. 2. Westport, CT: Greenwood, c. 1985. [Z 5781 S78 1985--ROBAREF]

Carty, T. J. A Dictionary of Literary Pseudonyms in the English language. 2nd Ed. London: Mansell, 2001. [Z 1065 C37 2001--ROBAREF]

Combs, Richard E. and Nancy R. Owen. Authors: Critical and Biographical References: A Guide to 4,700 Critical and Biographical Pastures in Books. 2nd ed. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1993. [PN 524 C58 1993--ROBAREF]

Contemporary Authors: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Current Writers in Fiction, General Nonfiction, Poetry, Journalism, Drama, Motion Pictures, Television, and Other Fields. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1962- . [Z 1224 C6--ROBAREF]
Cumulated index alternate years.
Vols. 1-44 rev. and cumulated into the 11 vols. of the 1st Revision (1967-79) [Z 1224 C62]. The New Revision Series (1980-, irregular), updates entries [Z 1224 C25--ROBAREF]. The Permanent Series (1975- , irregular), updates and revises entries "closed" due to death or retirement [Z 1224 C63--ROBAREF].
The New Revision and Permanent series are indexed in the latest Contemporary Authors index. Selectively available, as part of Discovering Authors on CD-ROM, is the Canadian edition available at the Erindale College Library. Both series have been partially incorporated into the on-line Literature Resource Center. Access via U of Toronto Library homepage. [UTL Catalogue; Resources; e-Reference] http://simplelink.library.utoronto.ca/url.cfm/2141

Contemporary Dramatists. Ed. K. A. Berney. 5th ed. Contemporary Writers of the English Language. Chicago: St. James, 1993. [PR 737 C57 1993--ROBAREF; 6th edition PR 106 C6 v. 3 1999--TRINITY]
Pratt Library has 6th edition.

Contemporary Dramatists. Ed. Thomas Riggs. 6th ed. Detroit, MI: St. James, c. 1999. [PR 106 C6 1999--VUPR]

Contemporary Novelists. Eds. Neil Schlager and Josh Lauer. 7th ed. Detroit, MI: St. James, 2001. [PR 883 C76 2001--VUPR]; [ROBAREF has 6th ed: PR/883/C64/1996X]

Contemporary Poets. Ed. Tracy Chevalier. 5th ed. Chicago: St. James, c. 1991. [PR 610 C6 1991--ROBAREF]

Contemporary Women Dramatists. Ed. K. A. Berney. London: St. James, 1994. [PR 736 C595 1994--ROBAREF]

Cyclopedia of World Authors II. Ed. Frank N. Magill. Eds. 3rd ed., McCrea Adams and Juliane Brand. 3rd ed. 5 vols. Pasadena, CA: Salem, 1997. [PN 451 M36 1997--ROBAREF]

Dictionary of Literary Biography. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1978- . Irregular. [PN 451 D5 1978--ROBAREF]

Dictionary of Literary Biography: Cumulative Index. Detroit, MI: Gale, c. 1984. [PS 129 D53--ROBAREF]
The volumes in this multi-volumed series contain essays on American, British, Canadian, and world literatures and authors. Each volume covers a specific literary movement, genre, or period. Entries include descriptions of the author's life and work, and contain chronologies and bibliographies. Each volume now has a cumulative index.
Complemented by: Dictionary of Literary Biography Yearbook. 1980-. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1981 -. Annual. [PS 129 D53--ROBAREF]
Originally a method of updating the main dictionary, the yearbook has expanded to provide reports on the year's literary activities (awards, deaths, select scholarship, trends, etc.).

Dictionary of Literary Biography: Documentary Series
. Ed. Margaret A. Van Antwerp. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1982- . Irregular. [PS 129 D48 1982--ROBAREF]
Features reproductions of literary documents, including photographs, illustrations, dust jackets, title pages, etc. Robarts reference holdings run from 1982-99 (Vols. 1-19).
Dictionary of Literary Biography On-line is incorporated into Galenet's Literature Resource Center. Access via the U of Toronto Library homepage. [UTL Catalogue; Resources; e-References] http://simplelink.library.utoronto.ca/url.cfm/2141

Dictionary of World Biography. Ed. Frank N. Magill. 10 vols. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, c. 1998-2000. [CT 104 D54 1998 GENR 1-9*10 (1998-c. 1999)]

Havlice, Patricia Pate. Index to Literary Biography. 2 vols. plus supplements. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1975-83. [Z 6511 H38--ROBAREF]

Intemational Bibliography of Biography 1970-1987. 12 vols. New York: Saur, 1988. [Z 5301 I57 1988--ROBAREF]

International Who's Who in Poetry and Poet's Encyclopaedia. Vols. 7-16. Cambridge: International Biographical Centre, 1993-2000. [PN 451 I56 1993--ROBAREF]
Formerly: Authors and Writers Who's Who. [PN 451147 1991--ROBAREF]

Pseudonyms and Nicknames Dictionary. Ed. Jennifer Mossman. 3rd ed. 2 vols. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1987. [CT 120 P8 1987--ROBAREF]

Reference Guide to English Literature. Ed. D. L. Kirkpatrick. 2nd ed. 3 vols. Chicago: St. James, 1991. [PR 106 S7 1991--ROBAREF]

Twentieth Century Author Biographies Master Index. Ed. Barbara McNeil. Gale Biographical Ser. 8. Detroit, MI: Gale, c. 1984. [Z 5304 A8T83 1984--ROBAREF]
Available on-line, incorporated into the Biography Resource Center. Access from U of Toronto Library homepage. [UTL Catalogue; Resources; e-Reference; Biography Resource Center] http://www.galenet.com/servlet/BioRC/form?o=DocTitle&l=1&locID=torontouniv  

Twentieth Century Authors: A Biographical Dictionary of Modern Literature. Ed. Stanley J. Kunitz and Howard Haycraft. 2 vols. New York: Wilson, 1942-55. [PN 771 K86]
Revised as: World Authors, 1900-1950. Eds. Martin Seymour-Smith and Andrew Kimmens. 4 vols. New York: Wilson, 1996. [PB 451 W59 1996--ROBAREF]
Continued by:
World Authors, 1950-1970: A Companion to Twentieth Century Authors. Ed. John Wakeman. New York: Wilson, 1975. [PN 451 W6 1950-70--ROBAREF]
World Authors, 1970-1975: A Volume in the Wilson Authors Series. Ed. John Wakeman. New York: Wilson, 1980. [PN 451 W6 1970-75--ROBAREF]
World Authors, 1975-1980: A Volume in the Wilson Authors Series. Ed. Vineta Colby. New York: Wilson, 1985. [PN 451 W6 1975-80--ROBAREF]
World Authors, 1980-1985: A Volume in the Wilson Authors Series. Ed. Vineta Colby. New York: Wilson, 1991. [PN 451 W6 1980-85--ROBAREF]
World Authors, 1985-1990: A Volume in the Wilson Authors Series. Ed. Vineta Colby. New York: Wilson, 1995. [PN 451 W6 1985-90--ROBAREF]
World Authors, 1990-1995: A Volume in the Wilson Authors Series. Ed. Clifford Thompson. New York: Wilson, 1999. [PN 451 W6 1090-95--ROBAREF]

The Victorian Poets: The Bio-critical Introductions to the Victorian Poets from A. H. Miles's The Poets and The Poetry of the Nineteenth Century. Ed. William E. Fredeman. 3 vols. The Victorian Muse: Selected Criticism and Parody of the Period [A Garland Series]. New York: Garland, 1986. [PR 591 P642 1986]

Vrana, Stan A. Interviews and Conversations with 20th-century Authors Writing in English: An Index. 3 vols. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1982-90. [Z 2013 V73 1982--ROBAREF]

Wearing, J. P. American and British Theatrical Biography: A Directory. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1979. [PN 2285 W42--ROBAREF]

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British

see also The Dictionary of Literary Biography

Bell, Maureen. A Biographical Dictionary of English Women Writers, 1580-1720. New York: Wheatsheaf, 1990. [PR 113 B46 1990--ROBAREF]

Brady, Anne M., and Brian Cleave. A Biographical Dictionary of Irish Writers. 2nd ed. Mullingar, Co. Westmeath: Lilliput, 1985. [PR 8706 B73 1985--ROBAREF]

British Authors Before 1800: A Biographical Dictionary. Ed. Stanley J. Kunitz and Howard Haycraft. New York: Wilson, 1952. [PR 105 K9--ROBAREF]

British Authors of the Nineteenth Century. Ed. Stanley J. Kunitz and Howard Haycraft. New York: Wilson, 1936. [PR 451 K8 1936--ROBAREF]

British Biographical Archive. Ed. Paul Sieveking, David Bank, and Anthony Esposito. Microfiche ed., with 4 vol. printed index. Munchen: Saur, 1984-90. [Z B75 1984--ROBAREF, mfe no. I-XVI, 1-1142-1236]
Index (British Biographical Index) shelved at [DA 28 B75 1990].
Supplemented by: British Biographical Archive. Series 2. Eds. David Bank and Anthony Esposito. Microfiche ed. London ; New York : K. G. Saur, 1991- [DA 28 B74 1984 Suppl GENR mfe instalment 1-10*11-12(no.1237-1725*1726-1862]
Complements the material already published in the British biographical archive and extends the period covered to 1960.
The microfilmed British Biographical Archive I and British Biographical Archive II are both incorporated into the on-line World Biographical Index 7, available from Saur Publishing at their home page: http://simplelink.library.utoronto.ca/url.cfm/25099

British Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide. Ed. Janet Todd. New York: Continuum, 1989. [PR 111 B75 1989--ROBAREF]

British Writers. Ed. under the auspices of the British Council, general ed. Ian Scott-Kilvert. 8 vols. New York: Scribners, 1979-84. [PR 85 B688]

British Writers: Supplement. Ed. Ian Scott-Kilvert. 3 vols. New York : Scribners, 1987- . [PR 85 B688 Suppl.]

Contemporary British Dramatists. Ed. K. A. Berney and N. G. Templeton. London: St. James, 1994. [PR 736 C58 1994--ROBAREF]

Corrections and Additions to The Dictionary of National Biography: Cumulated from the Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research University of London, Covering the Years 1923-1963. Boston, MA: Hall, 1966. [DA 28 L65--ROBAREF]

Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. Leslie Stephen [Vols. 1-21], Leslie Stephen and Sidney Lee [Vols. 22-66], and Sidney Lee [Vols 27-63]. 63 vols. 1885-1901. Supplement. 3 vols. 1901. Re-issued in 22 vols [including 1st suppl.]. 1908. Eight decennial supplements (1901-80); two quinquennial supplements (Sup. 11: 1980-85; Sup. 12: 1986-90). [DA 28 D4 1921--ROBAREF]
Available on CD-ROM at VIC.
http://simplelink.library.utoronto.ca/url.cfm/6017 or http://library.vicu.utoronto.ca/guides/CDRom.htm#biography   

Fenwick, Gillian. The Contributors' Index to the Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1901. Detroit, MI: Omnigraphics, 1989. [DA 28 D4 1921 Index--ROBAREF]

---. Women and the Dictionary of National Biography: A Guide to DNB Volumes 1885-1985 and Missing Persons. Guildford: Scolar, 1994. [DA 28 D43F43 1994--ROBAREF]

Highfill, Philip H., Kalman A. Burnim, and Edward A. Langhans. A Biographical Dictionary of Actors, Actresses, Musicians, Dancers, Managers, and Other Stage Personnel in London, 1660-1800. 13 Vols. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 1973-93. [PN 2596 L6H57--ROBAREF]

Johnston, Dafydd. The Literature of Wales. Cardiff: U of Wales P, 1994. [PB 2206 J55 1994]

Jones, Glyn and John Rowlands. Profiles: A Visitors' Guide to Writing in Twentieth Century Wales. Lladysul, UK: Gomer, 1980. [PB 2223 J66 1980]

Nicholls, C. S., ed. The Dictionary of National Biography: Missing Persons. New York: Oxford UP, 1993. [DA 28 D4 1921 suppl., vol. 11--ROBAREF]
The DNB (including Missing Persons) is available on CD-ROM at VIC. http://library.vicu.utoronto.ca/guides/CDRom.htm#biography 

O'Donoghue, D. J. The Poets of Ireland: A Biographical and Bibliographical Dictionary of Irish Writers of English Verse. 1912. Rpt. Detroit, MI: Gale, 1968. [Z 2037 026 1968--ROBAREF]

Roberts, Frank C., comp. Obituaries from The Times. 1951-1975. 3 vols. Reading: Newspaper Archive Development, 1975-79. [DA 16.8 T57 1951-60, 1961-70, 1970-75--ROBAREF]
Continued by:
Heaton, David and John Higgins, eds. Lives Remembered: The Times Obituaries of 1991. Pangbourne, UK: Blewbury, 1991. [DA 16.8 T59 1991--ROBAREF]
Heaton, David and John Higgins, eds. The Times Obituaries 1992; Lives Remembered. Blewbury, UK: Blewbury, 1992. [DA 16.8 T592 1992--ROBAREF]
Howard, Anthony and David Heaton, eds. The Times Lives Remembered: Obituaries from 1993. Blewbury, UK: Blewbury, 1993. [DA 16.8 T593 1993--ROBAREF]

Russell, Josiah Cox. Dictionary of Writers of Thirteenth Century England. Special Supplement no. 3 to the Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research. London: Dawson, 1967. [Z 2012 R87 1967--ROBAREF]

Saunders, J. W. A Biographical Dictionary of Renaissance Poets and Dramatists, 1520-1650. Totowa, NJ: Barnes & Noble, 1983. [PR 421 S33 1983--ROBAREF]

Who's Who; an Annual Biographical Dictionary. London: Black, 1849-. [DA 28 W6 1961+]
Annual; latest issue in Robarts Reference.

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U.S.

see also The Dictionary of Literary Biography

American Authors, 1600-1900: A Biographical Dictionary of American Literature. Ed. Stanley J. Kunitz and Howard Haycraft. New York: Wilson, 1938. [PS 21 K8--ROBAREF]

American Biographical Archive. Ed. Gerry Easter. Microfiche ed., with 4 vol. index. New York: Saur, 1986- . [Z 5301 A47 1986 #instal.1-10*11-12 (no.1-1404*1405-1842)]
American Biographical Archives I and American Biographical Archives II are incorporated into the World Biographical Index 7, available on the Web at the Suar homepage: http://simplelink.library.utoronto.ca/url.cfm/25099
 
American Biographical Archive II. Ed. Laureen Baillie. Microfiche ed., Munchen: K. G. Saur, 1994-. [Z 5301 A472 199--ROBAREF, Fiche Cabinet No. 3]

American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide From Colonial Times to the Present, 2nd Edition. Ed. Taryn Benbow-Pfalzgraf. 4 vols. Detroit, MI: St. James, 2000. [PS 147 A4 2000--ROBAREF]

American Writers: A Collection of Literary Biographies. Ed. Leonard Unger. 7 vols. New York: Scribner, 1974. [PS 129 A55]

American Writers Before 1800: A Biographical and Critical Dictionary. Ed. James A. Levernier and Douglas R. Wilmes. 3 vols. Westport, CT: Greenwood, c. 1983. [PS 185 A4 1983--ROBAREF]

Dictionary of American Biography. Ed. Allen Johnson, et. al. 1928-77. Rpt. 22 vols. in 11 [including suppl. 1 and 2]. New York: Scribner's, [1959]. [E 176 D56 1959--ROBAREF]

Dictionary of American Biography: Supplement. 3-8 (1941-80), and Comprehensive Index. New York: Scribner's, [1973]-c. 1995. [E 176 D56 1959--ROBAREF]

Directory of American Poets and Fiction Writers. Annual. New York: Poets & Writers, 1980- . [PS 129 D57--ROBAREF]

Directory of American Scholars: A Biographical Directory. Ed. James Cattell. 9th ed. 4 vols. New York: Bowker, 1999. [LA 2311 D5--ROBAREF]

The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. 1892-1984. 75 vols. Clifton, NJ: White, 1892-1984. [E 176 N28--ROBAREF]
Published in two series, Permanent and Current.
Vols. 51-63 have title: The National Cyclopedia of American Biography.
Index Volume (1935-84). [E 176 N2814--ROBAREF]

The New York Times Biographical Service: A Compilation of Current Biographical Information of General Interest. 1969-97; 1998, no. 1-6; 1999- . New York: New York Times. [CT 120 N45--ROBAREF]
Title, publishers, and frequency vary.

The New York Times Obituaries Index. 1858-1968. 2 vols. New York: New York Times, 1970- . [E 176 N4--ROBAREF]

Twayne's Authors Series. Gale Group.
Available on-line. [U of T Library Home Page; UTL Catalogue; Resources; e-References] http://www.galenet.com/servlet/Twayne?u=TWA&u=TEA&u=TUSA&finalAuth=true  

Who's Who in America, 2000. v. 55. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, c. 1899-. [E 663 W56--ROBAREF]
Available on-line as The Complete Marquis Who's Who. [U of T Library Home Page; UT CAT; Resources; e-Reference]
http://simplelink.library.utoronto.ca/url.cfm/2817
Companion publication to: Who Was Who in America, 2000. v. 13. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1942-. [E 663 W54--ROBAREF]
Available on CD-ROM.

Who's Who in Writers, Editors, Poets: United States and Canada. Ed. Curt Johnson. 5th ed. Highland Park, IL: December, 1995-96. [PS 129 W472--ROBAREF]
Title varies.

The Writers Directory. 1st edition (1971/73)-. Chicago: St. James. [PS 1 W73--ROBAREF]

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Canadian
(see also The Canadian Writers Series in The Dictionary of Literary Biography)

Audet, Francis-J., and Gerard Malchelosse. Pseudonymes canadiens. Montréal: Ducharme, 1936. [Z 1047 A8--TECH. SERVICES]

Biographies canadiennes-françaises/Who's Who in Quebec. 31st ed. Montréal: J. A. Fortin, 1986. [F 5452 B58--ROBAREF]

Canada's Playwrights: A Biographical Guide. Ed. Don Rubin and Alison Cranmer-Byng. Toronto: Canadian Theatre Review, c. 1980. [PS 8081 C355 1980]

The Canadian Who's Who, 2000. Toronto: Trans-Canada P [etc.], 2000. [F 5009 C3--ROBAREF]
Title, publisher, and frequency vary.
Available on-line as Canadian Who's Who [U of T Libarary Home Page; UTL Catalogue; Resources; e-Reference] from 1998-. http://simplelink.library.utoronto.ca/url.cfm/1735
Also, on microfiche 1910-75. [FC 25 C25--MICR]
Indexed by: McMann, Evelyn de R. Canadian Who's Who Index, 1898-1984. Toronto: U of Toronto P, c. 1986. [F 5009 C32 1986--ROBAREF]

Canadian Writers: A Biographical Dictionary/Écrivains canadiens: un dictionnaire biographique. Ed. Guy Sylvestre, Brandon Conron, and Carl F. Klink. New ed., rev. and enl. Toronto: Ryerson, 1966. [PS 8081 S9 1966--ROBAREF]

Contemporary Canadian Authors. Toronto: Gale Canada, 1996- . Annual. [PS 8081 C65 UNIVREF]
Available on-line as Contemporary Authors. [U of T Library Home Page; UTL Catalogue; Resources; e-Reference] http://simplelink.library.utoronto.ca/url.cfm/7031

Dictionary of Canadian Biography. 1000-1900. Ed. George W. Brown, David M. Hayne, and Francess Halpenny. 12 vols., plus index. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1966-94. [F 5009 D53--ROBAREF]
An edition in French was published by Univ. Laval c. 2000.
Dictionary of Canadian Biography: Index. Toronto: U of Toronto P, c. 1981- . Vols. I to IV, 1000 to 1800; Vols. 1-12, 1000 to 1900. [CT 103 DCB--UNIV]
Dictionary of Canadian Biography. [COMPUTER FILE]. Ed. Ramsay Cook, Dictionnaire biographique du Canada / Réal Bélanger, directeur général adjoint. Toronto: U of Toronto P; Québec: Université Laval, 2000. [CT 103 DCB UNIV--CD-ROM]

Dictionnaire des écrivains québécois contemporains 1970-1982. Union des écrivains québécois, recherche et rédaction Yves Légaré. Montreal: Québec/Amérique, 1983. [PS 9081 D53--ROBAREF]

Dictionnaire pratique des auteurs québécois. Ed. Réginald Hamel, John Hare, and Paul Wyczynski. Montreal: Fides, c. 1976. [PS 9081 H34--ROBAREF]
Superseded by: Hamel, Réginald, John Hare, and Paul Wyczynski. Dictionnaire des auteurs de langue française en amérique du nord. Montreal: Fides, c. 1989. [PS 9081 H33 1989--ROBAREF]

DISCovering Authors: Canadian Edition. Gale, 1996. [PN 85 D57 1996 ERIN--CD-ROM]

The Macmillan Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Ed. W. Stewart Wallace. 4th ed., rev., enl. and updated by W. A. McKay. Toronto: Macmillan, 1978. [F 5009 W3 1978--ROBAREF]

Who's Who in Canadian Literature, 1997-98. Ed. Gordon Ripley and Anne Mercer. 5th ed. Toronto: Reference, 1983- . [PS 8081 W56 1997/98--ROBAREF]

Who's Who in the League of Canadian Poets: Directory of Members 1999-2000. 7th ed. Ed. Jill Humphries. Toronto: League of Canadian Poets, 1995. [PS 8141 L42 1999--ROBAREF]

Who's Who in the Playwrights Union of Canada. Comp. Franco Boni. Toronto, Ont.: Playwrights Union of Canada, 1993- . [PS 8005 P53--ROBAREF]

Who's Who in the Writers' Union of Canada: A Directory of Members. 4th ed. Toronto: Writers' Union of Canada, 1993. [PS 8081 W78 1993X--ROBAREF]

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