Department of English

University of Toronto

22.0 Some Bibliographical Terms

Accidental

Broadsheet / Broadside


Cancel / Cancellans


Cancelland / Cancellandum


Casting-Off


Catchword


Chain Lines


Chase


Collation

Colophon


Conjugate


Countermark


Direction line


Duodecimo


Edition


Facsimile

Felt Side

Fol. 3 or f .3

Folio

(i) 2°: A sheet of paper folded once to produce two leaves.
(ii) A leaf (as above).

Format


Forme

(i) The pages of type, as locked into the chase, which print one side of a sheet.
(ii) The matter printed on the paper from that typesetting. There are two formes to all Gatherings (q.v.) though parts of one, or parts of both of them, may be blank. They are: the inner (i), and the outer (o). The outer forme will always include, and in a folio will consist of, the first page and the last page in the gathering; and the inner, similarly, will include, and in a folio consist of, the second page and the penultimate page. These facts obviously do not apply to a Broadsheet (q.v.)

Fp. / Front


Gatherings / Quires


Half-Sheet(s)


Headline


Head Title


Impression


Imprint


Incunables


Issue


Laid Paper


Lower Case


l./ll.


ll.


Mould


Mould Side


Octavo 8°


p./pp.


Prelims.


Press Figures


Quarto 4°


Quires


r / recto


Reimposition


Rule


Running-Title


Sheet


Sig.


State


Substantive


Upper Case


v / verso


Variants


Watermark


Wire Lines


Wove Paper

(i) Paper made by hand in a single- or double-faced wove mould. There the wires of the bed of the mould were affixed diagonally and were of the same size, unlike the right-angled disposition of the (larger) chain lines to the (smaller) wire lines in a mould for Laid Paper (q.v) Wove paper was first made in the eighteenth century, probably about 1754 or 1755 by James Whatman the Elder, for the use, in his Virgil, in 1757, of John Baskerville;
(ii) the term is now applied principally to machine-made paper.

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